Evapotranspiration, crop coefficient and water use efficiency of coriander (Coriandrum Sativum l.) grown in tropical environment

Vicente de Paulo R da Silva, Inajá Francisco de Sousa, Alexandra Lima Tavares, Thieres George Freire da Silva, Bernardo Barbosa da Silva, Romildo Morant de Holanda, José Ivaldo Barbosa de Brito, Célia Campos Braga, Enio Pereira de Souza, Madson Tavares Silva


The water scarcity is expected to intensify in the future and irrigation becomes an essential component of crop production, especially in arid and semiarid regions, where the available water resources are limited. Four field experiments were carried out at tropical environment in Brazil in 2013 and 2014, in order to evaluate the effect of planting date on crop evapotranspiration (ETc), crop coefficient (Kc), growth variables and water use efficiency (WUE) of coriander (Coriandrum sativum, L.) plants. The planting dates occurred during winter, spring, summer and autumn growing seasons. ETc was obtained through the soil water balance method and the reference evapotranspiration (ETo) through the Penman-Monteith method, using data collected from an automatic weather station located close to the experimental area. The results of the research showed that the mean values of coriander ETc and Kc were equal to 139.8 mm and 0.87, respectively. Coriander water demand is higher in the summer growing season and lower in the winter; however, its yield is higher in the autumn and lower in the winter. The results also indicated that coriander has higher yield and development of its growth variables in the autumn growing season. The results also indicated that the interannual climate variations had significant effects on most growth variables, yield, ETc and Kc of coriander grown in tropical environment. 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/hb.v36i4.1339


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